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TV News Media:
Jeff Corwin for CBS Evening
News. May 9, 2010, Steve Kolian interviewed.
Rich Matthews with
Associated Press, June 7, 2010, Scott Porter and Allen Walker
Bob Nixon with Sylvia
Earle’s Mission Blue, June 14, 2010-, Scott Porter Interviewed.
Sheppard Smith with Fox
News, June 17, 2010- Steve Kolian Interviewed.
Ziya with Discovery Channel
Canada, June 19, 2010-, Scott Porter Interviewed.
Paul Rogers with Fox 8 Local
News, July, 2010- Scott Porter Interviewed.
Amber Lyon and Phillipe
Cousteaux for CNN, August 6, 2010-, Scott Porter Interviewed.
Save Sea Turtles Foundation
for Fox 8 Local News New Orleans. August 23, 2010, Scott Porter
October 12, 2010 In
Discussion with David Gibbons, Scott Porter Interviewed.
February 15, 2011- Wilma
Subra and Ian Crane for In Discussion with David Gibbons, Scott Porter
Scott Porter Interviewed.
July 16, 2010- Matthew Simmons for In Discussion with David Gibbons,
Scott Porter Interviewed.
John "Spud" McConnel “The
Spud Show" - on WWL 870 AM and 105.3FM. August 15, 2006. Interview with
Steve Kolian and Paul Sammarco.
Paul Harvey discussed
Washington Post article and research by Steve Kolian and Paul W.
Sammarco on their program. April 18, 2005.
Speeches and Presentations:
108th US Congress:
“Environmental Aspects of Modern Oil and Gas development.” Committee on
Resources: Subcommittee on Energy and Mineral Resources held an
oversight hearing on Sept 17, 2003 Testimony was heard from
Representative Vitter; Steve Kolian, Environmental Scientist, Department
of Environmental Quality, State of Louisiana; Paul Sammarco Professor,
Louisiana Universities Marine Consortium (LUMCON), Allen Walker, Captain
and public witnesses.
American Petroleum Institute
(API) Washington DC September 16, 2003. “Ecological Affects of Offshore
Oil and Gas Production”, Paul Sammarco, Steve Kolian and Allen Walker
Washington DC. Sept 17, 2003. “Utilization of Retired Platforms for
Alternate Uses.” Paul Sammarco, Steve Kolian and Allen Walker
Louisiana Recovery Authority
Public Hearing, Baton Rouge, Louisiana. On several occasions from
October, 2006 through March, 2007. Steve Kolian and Paul Sammarco
American Petroleum Institute
(API) Lafayette Holiday Inn “Utilization of Retired Platforms for
Alternate Uses.” June 16, 2003, Paul Sammarco, Steve Kolian and Allen
Health Association (LEHA) 2004 Annual Education conference, Holiday Inn,
LaPlace, LA January 27-29, 2004. Steve Kolian presentation.
U.S. Commission on Ocean
Policy, March 7-8, 2002 New Orleans Hearing (Public Comments) to the
U.S. Commission on Ocean Policy. Steve Kolian and Paul Sammarco
Pew Oceans Commission Public
Hearing, New Orleans, Louisiana, March 15, 2002. Steve Kolian and Paul
Kolian, Steve, 2011.
Benefits of Leaving Oil and Gas Rigs Intact to Serve As Artificial
Reefs. Exploration and Production Volume 9. Issue 1 March 2011.
Kolian, Steve. Should Oil
Rigs Be Removed? Scuba Diving Magazine. November/December 2010/ Vol.19/
Issue 8, page 80 – 82.
Armstrong, Toby. “Flower
gardens of the sea- discovering an aquatic world off the Louisiana
coast.” Louisiana Life, Summer 2003, Page; front cover, 34-39.
Kolian, S. R., and A.
Walker. (2004). “Louisiana losing critical reef habitat and job
opportunities.” Sea Technology, October, 2004, Vol. 45, No. 10, page
Fly, Susan. “Manuvering
Mariculture-can oil and gas platforms bring billions?” Acadiana
LifeStyle, November 2003, edition: Feature Story, page 42-46.
Olander, Doug. “End
Reeficide in the Gulf” Sport Fishing Magazine, June 2007, volume 22,
Books and Technical Reports:
Kolian, S.R.. and P.W.
Sammarco. 2005. Mariculture and other uses for offshore oil and gas
platforms: Rational for Retaining Infrastructure. Technical Report.
Eco-Rigs of Eco-Endurance Center. Baton Rouge, Louisiana. March 2005.
International Inc 1998. Feasibility Study Report: Offshore Mariculture
in the Gulf of Mexico. Prepared for National Atmospheric Administration
(NOAA) Award No. NA77FL0150.
Sea Grant Louisiana (2001).
Offshore mariculture in the Gulf of Mexico: A Feasibility Report.
November 2001 Louisiana Sea Grant Program.
Kolian, S.R. and P.W.
Sammarco, 2006. Job creation & marine aquaculture: direct generation of
18,000 jobs. Produced by Eco-Rigs (6/1/06) 12605 South Harrel’s Ferry
Road, Suite 3 Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70816 USA.
Scholarly Journals and
Manaugh, Geoff, 2009.
Plug-In Ecozones. New Geographies, Vol. 2, Landscapes of Energy. Harvard
School of Design and Architecture.
Sammarco, P.W., A.D.
Atchison, D.A., and G.S. Boland. 2006. Geographic expansion and limits
of corals in the NW Gulf of Mexico: Colonization of Offshore Oil and Gas
Platforms Proc. 10th Intl. Coral Reef Symp., Okinawa, Japan, 2006.
Atchison, A.D., P.W.
Sammarco, and D.A. Brazeau. 2006. Genetic affinities of coral
populations between the Flower Garden Banks and oil and gas platforms in
the northern Gulf of Mexico: Preliminary data. Proc. 10th Intl. Coral
Reef Symp., Okinawa, Japan, 2004.
Sammarco, P.W., A. Atchison,
and G.L. Boland 2003 Drilling platforms as environmental assets:
Developing an assessment protocol using adult and juvenile corals. US
Dept. Interior Minerals Management Service Information Transfer Meeting,
New Orleans, LA, Jan. 2002.
Sammarco, P.W., A. Atchison,
and G.L. Boland 2004. Expansion of coral communities within the Northern
Gulf of Mexico via offshore oil and gas platforms. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser.
Kolian, S.R. 1996. Open
ocean mariculture and the significance of petroleum structures to
regional fisheries. Mariculture associated with oil and gas structures:
a compendium. In: Proceedings: Fourteenth Information Transfer Meeting,
November 17, 1994, New Orleans, La. OCS Study MMS 96-0050. U.S. Dept. of
Interior, Minerals Management Service, Gulf of Mexico OCS Region, New
Orleans, La. P.27-32.
Newspaper and Magazine
Renewable-energy Rules Detailed. The Times Picayune. June 10, 2009. Page
C-6 and C-8.
Burgess, Richard. “New Hooks
for old oil rigs.” Lafayette Advertiser, Lafayette Louisiana, Slidell
Louisiana, August 8, 2004, edition: Sunday, page: 1D, front page of
Camire, Dennis. ”Experts
debate benefits of offshore platforms.” Gannet News Service, Opelousas
Daily World Sept. 21, 2003, edition: Saturday, page 3A.
Cappiello, Diana. “Oil rigs
help biologists unlock mystery of ocean life.” Houston Chronicle,
January 4th, 2004, edition: Sunday, Section-A: City and State, page: 33A
Dybas, Cherly, Lyn. “Marine
life complicates removal of old oil rigs.” Washington Post, April 11,
2005, edition: Monday Sciences Section, page: A10.
Langenhennig, Susan. “ Gulf
aquatic creatures-including coral, the building blocks of reefs- are
finding new homes in the Gulf thanks to oil and gas platforms.” Times
Picayune June 29th, 2003, edition: Sunday front cover, page: 1A, 6A.
“Mariculture Icons-local scientists make case to keep old oil and gas
platforms.” Daily Comet, June 19, 2006, edition: Monday, page: front
cover 1A & 6A.
McKnight, Laura. “Offshore
fish farming could help U.S. meet demand, compete.” The Courier, Houma
Louisiana April, 22, 2006, edition: Saturday, page: 1A & 4A.
McNemar, Steve. “First our
coastline-Now our fishery-How long will we remain silent?” Marsh and
Bayou December 2003. volume 5 No. 12, page: front cover, p. 30-31, 36.
Legislation and Regulations
Introduced by EcoRigs to Congress Specifically for Alternate Uses of
Title 30 CFR Parts 285.100
Subpart J. Renewable Energy and Alternate Uses of Existing Facilities on
the Outer Continental Shelf; Final Rule. Federal Register/ Vol. 74, No.
81/ Wednesday, April 29, 2009/ Rules and Regulations.
Rigs to Reef Act, House
Resolution 2654.The bill, introduced by Rep. David Vitter (R-Louisiana)
to the 108th Congress 1st Session, September 2003. (Steve Kolian helped
Energy Policy Act of 2005,
(PL 109-58 Sec. 388). Section 388 allows the use of retired offshore oil
and gas platforms for any “marine related purpose.” This authorization
is responsible for the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management Regulation
Enforcement (BOEMRE) Ocean Energy and Alternate Uses of Offshore
Facilities, Alternate Energy and Alternate Use (AEAU) program (30 CFR
285.1000). Section 388 surfaced in PL 109-58 shortly after the
publication of the Kolian and Sammarco (2005) Technical Report:
Mariculture and other uses for offshore oil and gas platforms: Rational
for Retaining Infrastructure.”
HR 4761 “Deep Ocean
Resources Act of 2006” presented by Bobby Jindal, Section 19 contains
the “Rigs to Reefs Act.” HR 4761 passed the House of Representatives in
June 26th, 2006. (Steve Kolian and Paul Sammarco helped draft
HR 4761 Section 19 “Rigs to
Reefs Act” of “Domestic Energy Production through Offshore Exploration
and Equitable Treatment of State Holdings Act of 2006’’, presented in
the 109th Congress.
HR 6108 Section 21 “Rigs to
Reefs Act” of “Deep Ocean Energy Resource Act”, presented in the 110th
HR 6779 Section 224 of “Rigs
to Reefs Act” of “Security and Energy for America Act”, presented in the
State of Louisiana
“Platforms for Mariculture” Task Force. Louisiana Department of Natural
Resources. Members: Steve Kolian, Chuck Bedell, and Paul W. Sammarco